(English) In this final part, I shall discuss how different countries’ currencies are valued relative to one another, and the link between currency value and economic performance. Then (at last!) I shall be in a position to apply all this to Wales.
(English) The system which is in use across the world today, called ‘fiat currency’, is a sort of hybrid between the Gold Standard and ‘free money’. Despite how much we depend on it in our everyday lives, what it is and where it comes from is not often thought about, and is poorly understood – even, or perhaps especially so, amongst our political class. In this article, I shall do my best to explain it and lead into the next and final part of this short series, namely a proposal for how an independent Wales’s currency should work.
(English) Throughout history governments have found the need to borrow money; even before mass democracy, every population’s demand for services has exceeded their willingness to pay taxes…
(English) In this post, I shall go through some background, explaining how money went from being based on gold and silver coins which had value in their own right, to being tokens issued by governments representing a share in the nation’s wealth. We’ll see how this led to governments being at the mercy of international banking cartels, dominated by a few fabulously wealthy families (one of which was Welsh).